Oferta y demanda

Oferta y demanda

Total mundial cereal
m. tons 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17
Stocks Apertura 290.1 301.9 367.3 397.1 363.3 364.5 340.4 413.4 453.8 474.8
Producción 1697.7 1800.7 1801.2 1755.9 1862.5 1806.3 2008.0 2048.2 2003.7 2084.4
Importaciones 239.9 250.8 241.8 243.8 273.8 270.8 310.3 322.2 343.7 337.6
Total disponible 1987.9 2102.7 2168.5 2153.0 2225.8 2170.8 2348.4 2461.6 2457.6 2559.2
Alimentación humana 599.3 608.4 615.1 627.7 633.8 640.0 650.1 666.0 665.1 676.6
Alimentación animal 749.5 759.7 755.8 744.8 798.9 778.4 839.9 888.9 877.0 912.4
Industrial 229.0 251.3 284.5 301.2 308.9 300.0 317.6 325.4 329.1 336.7
Otro 108.2 115.9 116.0 115.8 119.8 111.9 127.4 127.5 111.5 130.1
Consumo total 1685.9 1735.4 1771.4 1789.5 1861.4 1830.3 1935.0 2007.8 1982.7 2055.7
Exportaciones b) 239.9 250.8 241.8 243.8 273.8 270.8 310.3 322.2 343.7 337.6
Stocks cierre 301.9 367.3 397.1 363.3 364.5 340.4 413.4 453.8 474.8 503.5

a) Anuales de comercialización respectivos. Trigo y cereales secundarios. Excluyendo el arroz

Total mundial Trigo
m. tons 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17
Stocks Apertura 134.4 131.1 171.5 197.3 192.6 192.0 171.3 189.9 204.8 221.5
Producción 609.2 687.2 681.7 653.8 699.4 657.4 717.1 730.3 737.0 748.6
Importaciones 110.7 137.2 128.6 126.1 146.5 141.9 156.5 153.3 164.3 166.2
Total disponible 743.6 818.3 853.2 851.1 892.0 849.5 888.4 920.1 941.8 970.1
Alimentación humana 442.5 444.3 452.3 454.9 459.5 464.3 474.0 480.6 486.9 493.3
Alimentación animal 92.1 117.5 118.6 117.7 155.1 133.5 134.2 144.6 146.5 151.1
Industrial 19.2 20.2 21.2 21.3 21.1 21.3 21.6 22.0 21.8 22.5
Semilla 35.6 35.3 35.5 36.0 35.9 35.8 36.3 36.2 36.5 36.3
Otro 23.2 29.6 28.4 28.7 28.5 23.2 32.4 32.0 28.7 32.3
Consumo total 612.5 646.8 655.9 658.5 700.0 678.2 698.5 715.4 720.3 735.6
Exportaciones 110.7 137.2 128.6 126.1 146.5 141.9 156.5 153.3 164.3 166.2
Stocks cierre 131.1 171.5 197.3 192.6 192.0 171.3 189.9 204.8 221.5 234.6

 

Total mundial Maíz
m. tons 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17
Stocks Apertura 117.5 134.1 144.3 142.2 127.3 131.1 134.0 182.1 207.5 208.5
Producción 798.5 800.8 824.2 834.4 886.7 874.5 998.4 1019.0 970.8 1041.7
Importaciones 101.1 84.4 87.2 94.1 99.2 99.7 121.8 125.1 135.8 134.9
Total disponible 916.0 934.9 968.5 976.6 1014.0 1005.6 1132.4 1201.1 1178.3 1250.2
Alimentación humana 92.8 97.8 101.9 104.3 108.4 108.1 111.0 114.2 110.3 112.7
Alimentación animal 486.9 470.5 469.0 471.7 491.2 490.4 543.7 575.0 564.9 597.3
Industrial 175.7 194.7 226.3 243.5 250.4 240.4 257.6 265.4 267.1 274.2
Otro 26.5 27.6 29.1 29.8 32.9 32.7 38.0 39.0 27.6 41.6
Consumo total 781.9 790.6 826.3 849.3 882.9 871.5 950.3 993.7 969.8 1025.8
Exportaciones 101.1 84.4 87.2 94.1 99.2 99.7 121.8 125.1 135.8 134.9
Stocks cierre 134.1 144.3 142.2 127.3 131.1 134.0 182.1 207.5 208.5 224.4

 

Total mundial Cebada
m. tons 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17
Stocks Apertura 25.5 23.2 35.7 41.4 28.2 27.2 22.8 26.6 25.9 29.1
Producción 134.6 155.3 150.8 123.9 135.2 131.7 144.9 144.1 148.1 144.9
Importaciones 15.5 19.5 16.9 14.7 20.3 19.5 22.9 29.1 29.8 25.8
Total disponible 160.1 178.5 186.5 165.2 163.4 158.8 167.7 170.7 174.0 174.0
Alimentación humana 6.6 6.9 7.0 6.6 7.0 6.7 7.0 7.1 7.4 7.3
Alimentación animal 93.0 97.5 99.0 91.8 90.1 89.9 94.1 97.4 97.4 96.9
Industrial 27.1 27.4 28.5 28.0 28.9 29.4 29.5 30.0 30.0 30.4
Otro 10.2 11.1 10.6 10.8 10.2 10.0 10.4 10.4 10.2 10.5
Consumo total 136.9 142.8 145.1 137.1 136.2 136.0 141.1 144.8 144.9 145.1
Exportaciones 15.5 19.5 16.9 14.7 20.3 19.5 22.9 29.1 29.8 25.8
Stocks cierre 23.2 35.7 41.4 28.2 27.2 22.8 26.6 25.9 29.1 28.9
Total mundial Soja
m. tons 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17
Stocks Apertura 29.6 21.2 16.3 27.5 36.1 23.8 25.4 28.6 37.9 34.1
Producción 219.7 211.1 258.5 267.1 240.6 270.6 284.4 320.4 315.2 336.0
Importaciones 78.0 77.2 92.6 90.6 93.6 99.4 113.1 126.8 133.4 137.0
Total disponible 249.3 232.3 274.8 294.6 276.8 294.4 309.8 348.9 353.1 370.1
Alimentación humana 13.7 13.7 14.4 15.3 15.5 15.6 16.4 16.5 17.3 17.7
Alimentación animal 14.1 14.4 14.6 14.9 12.0 13.5 13.8 16.8 16.7 17.2
Triturado 200.0 187.7 217.9 227.3 224.7 239.0 249.8 276.7 283.4 295.7
Consumo total 228.1 216.1 247.2 258.5 253.0 269.0 281.2 311.6 319.0 332.3
Exportaciones 78.0 77.2 92.6 90.6 93.6 99.4 113.1 126.8 133.4 137.0
Stocks cierre 21.2 16.3 27.5 36.1 23.8 25.4 28.6 37.9 34.1 37.8

 

Fuente: IGC